How Can People Prepare For General Urine Examinations?

How Can People Prepare For General Urine Examinations?

The general urine examination is among the most frequently conducted laboratory tests. It is essential to prepare and rightly collect the sample appropriately. Here the question that would be coming to your mind is what people must do to guarantee that the result of the urine test accurately indicates their health status. 

Improper sampling, storage, and testing preparation might lead to false results. Thus, before conducting a general urine examination, people should keep a few basic regulations in their mind. This blog discusses the steps people need to take to perform an available urine exam. Before the planned urine sample collection, this blog recommends people carry the following steps:

1 Provide A Disposable Urine Container To Themselves

People must put their urine into a disposable urine cup they can buy at every pharmacy. Please remember to carry out bacteriological tests(urine culture); the container bought needs to be sterile. Urinating in jars, bottles, and other ampules not manufactured for urine testing is unacceptable. Residues of different materials like bacteria or sugar can adversely affect the understanding of results. The one-use urine cup should not be prepared or scalded in every other way.

2 Moderate Alcohol, Liquids, And Diet

A few days prior to the planned urine testing, it is essential to consume a standard modern diet and to consume a normal amount of liquids according to the level of thirst. People’s diet significantly impacts their urine analysis. Beetroots are a great example, as they change the urine color to red. 

People who consume a lot of meat cut down the pH of their urine, whereas the vegetation or milk diet increases the pH. Ketone bodies, which must not be in the urine, might appear in it because of consuming a fatty diet or alcohol abuse. Drinking the appropriate amount of liquids averts excessive urination (too little liquid) and dilution( too much liquid). Generally, in the urine test, this gets expressed by particular gravity.

3 Circumventing Unnecessary Standing And Physical Strain Still For A Greater Time Than Usual

Excessive physical activity might result in a rise in the urine levels of ketone and protein bodies. Spending prolonged periods while standing frequently makes people suffer from orthostatic proteinuria.

4 Avoid Doing Sexual Intercourse For One Day Before Urine Sampling

A urine test following sexual intercourse might be tough due to sperm in the urine. These huge numbers does not let laboratory testing professionals avert the urine sediment’s accurate microscopic assessment. There might also be urethra’s minor lesions, which would ensure that the bacteria, red blood cells, or a significant amount of epithelium are present in the urine in a significant amount. 

5 Avoid Getting Urine Examined Throughout Menstrual Bleeding And Two Days After And Two Days Before Menstruation

As far as sampling during menstruation is concerned, the urine is frequently contaminated with a vast amount of epithelia and red blood cells, which makes it difficult to get dependable results. The doctor might understand this result as haematuria and suspect for instance, nephritic syndrome or kidney stones. 

What Techniques Must People Use To Give An Appropriate Urine Sample?

1 Morning Urine

People must give their urine sample immediately after waking up i.e, urine released after an overnight four hundred- and eighty-minutes rest or, if they can not do that at least two hundred and forty minutes from the past urination. This is essential to avert the occurrence of functional proteinuria, which takes place most often because of standing for an extended period, stress, and physical exertion.

2 Genital Hygiene

Before taking the urine sample, people must clean their hands with hot soapy water and thoroughly clean the urethral area with soap and hot water. For ladies, hygiene in the region of the labia is especially significant, and the cleaning itself must be done from the front towards an anus; never do this in the opposite direction. Experts recommend that men must thoroughly wash their penis. People should use a one-use towel for abrasion. It is necessary to strictly follow hygiene regulations to get rid of the germs from the surfaces of the body to give more reliable urine results; if microbes from the human body enter the sample, it might falsify the urine test results.

3 Mid Stream Urine Sample

Once people have begun to urinate, they must collect a mid-stream urine sample, this means that they do not amass the last or first part of urine that comes out; you amass it in the urination’s center. The amassed urination sample for the general urine exam must be twenty to hundred millimeters, depending on the previously bought container’s size. The culture urine sample might have a few millimeters. People should not transfer urine from swimming pool, potty and toilet to a container because of the presence of bacteria.

4 Appropriate Description Of The Urine Sample

A person should legibly sign the urine container with her or his surname, name, date of birth, collection time and current date. Some urine examination laboratories request people to add a particular description to a container for example a patient identity number. 

5 Immediately Delivering Urine Sample To A Collection Point

The ampule with amassed urine sample must be delivered and sealed to the collection point immediately. People can additionally secure the urine container by putting it inside a sealable plastic bag. If they cannot immediately deliver the urine sample after collecting it, they should put the container inside the refrigerator. 

People should avoid freezing the urine sample and bring it for testing immediately. If they need to get the urine examined for culture, the sample might not continue to be present in the refrigerator for over one hundred and twenty minutes. Immediately delivering the urine sample to its collection point ensures that the multiplication of microbes does not take place. 

Why Do People Use A Urine Cup?

The urine cup is a germ-free plastic cup with a leak resistant and temperature strip lid with a collection capacity of ninety milliliter. Laboratories can use this urine collection cup to test semen, blood and urine samples.