Precaution To Follow Before Urine Test

Precaution To Follow Before Urine Test

A urinalysis is a laboratory examination. It can let your doctor notice health problems that your urine shows. Several disorders and diseases impact how the human body removes toxins and waste. Various organs can influence the content, concentration, and appearance of human urine. These include the bladder, skin, urinary tract, kidneys, and lungs. 

Urinalysis is not a pregnancy or drug screening examination, though all these three medical examinations involve a urine sample.  

Why Do Doctors Do Urinalysis?

Doctors often do a urinalysis

Before surgery

•As a preventative screening during a pregnancy examination

•As part of a routine physical or medical examination.

Your doctor might also ask you to give a urinalysis test if they think that you have specific health problems like

•Urinary tract infection

•Liver disease

•Kidney disease

•Diabetes

If people are already diagnosed with any of these diseases, their doctor might utilize urinalysis to monitor the condition or progress in treating them. Your doctor might also be interested in doing a urinalysis if you experience particular symptoms encompassing 

•Abdominal pain

•Painful urination

•Blood in their urine

•Back pain

Preparation For Urinalysis 

Before giving their urinalysis exam, people must drink a lot of water so they can give a proper urine sample. Nevertheless, they must not drink too much water, which might lead to inaccurate results. One or two additional glasses of liquid, including milk or juice if their diet permits, is all people require on the urinalysis test day. People should not change their diet or fast for the urinalysis examination.\

Also, they must inform their doctor about any supplements or medicines they are consuming. This is because some of them can impact the urinalysis results. These medicines or supplements include

•Metronidazole

•Vitamin C supplements

•Anthraquinone laxatives

•Riboflavin

•Nitrofurantoin

•Methocarbamol

Some other drugs can impact people’s results as well. Thus, people should tell their doctor about any drugs they utilize before conducting a urinalysis.

About The Urinalysis Procedure

People would give their urine samples at a specialized examination facility, hospital, or office where the medical staff would provide them with urine testing cups to take to the washroom, where they can urinate privately inside the cup. The doctor might ask people to obtain a tidy urine sample. This method helps ensure that the bacteria from the vagina or penis does not enter the sample. People should start by washing around their urethra with a premoistened washing wipe given by the doctor. They must urinate a tiny amount inside the toilet, then collect their urine sample inside the cup. People must not touch the inner portion of the urine examination cups, so they do not transfer microbes from their hands to the urine sample.

When people are done, they should cover the urine examination cups with lids and clean their hands. People would either bring the cups out of the washing rooms or keep them inside a designated washroom compartment. In certain cases, their doctor might request them to do the urinalysis utilizing a catheter inserted into their bladder through their urethra. This might make them suffer from mild discomfort. If they do not feel comfortable with this process, then they should request their doctor if there are any alternate processes. After people have given their sample, they have finished their part of the test. Then, the physician will send the urine sample to the laboratory or keep it inside the hospital if they have kept the essential machinery in it. 

Urinalysis Methods

The doctor will then utilize at least one of the following processes to test their urine

Microscopic Examination

In the microscopic examination, a doctor observes the drops of people’s urine beneath a microscope. They try to find out

•Abnormalities inside the white or red blood cells, which might be signs of a blood disorder, bladder cancer, kidney disease, and infections.

•Crystals that might indicate kidney stones

•Yeasts or infectious bacteria

•Epithelial cells, which can help doctors indicate a tumour

Dipstick Test

For the dipstick examination, your doctor dips a chemically preserved plastic stick into your urine sample. This stick changes its color based on the specific substances’ presence. This could let your doctor search for:

•Bilirubin, a product of death of red blood cells

•Specific gravity or concentration

•Changes in acidity or Ph levels 

•Protein

•Blood 

•Sugars

High presence of particles in people’s urine can inform doctors about their dehydration. If people’s Ph levels are high then that can indicate their kidney or urinary tract issues. And if sugar is present in people’s urine, then that could help doctors diagnose them for diabetes. 

Visual Exam

Your doctor could also test the urine sample for abnormalities like

•Clouded appearance which can help doctors diagnose an infection

•Abnormal odors

•Brownish or reddish appearance, which could indicate blood in their urine.

Getting The Outcomes

After getting your urinalysis results, your doctor would assess them. If your urinalysis results are not normal, there are a couple of options that your doctor can exercise.

If doctors have previously diagnosed you with urinary tract problems, kidney problems, or other related medical conditions, their doctor might order further examinations or another urinalysis test to identify the reason behind abnormal contents in your urine. If you do not have symptoms of an underlying health condition and your physical examination indicates that your entire health is normal, your doctor might not need a follow-up.

Protein Inside Your Urine

Your urine usually consists of a insignificant level of protein. Sometimes, protein levels in people’s urine could rise because of 

•Excessive exercise

•Both emotional and physical stress

•Fever

•Excessive cold or heat